Current situation and future of the hottest food m

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The current situation and future of food machinery market (III)

the gap between food machinery and foreign countries is obvious

the technical level and development trend of food machinery in developed countries. The food industry in developed countries is an important pillar industry. Its output value is 2-4 times higher than the total output value of the domestic industry, and the food manufacturing industry accounts for 70% - 90%. The staple food convenience food has a wide variety, many kinds and good quality. The output value of food industry accounts for 18% of the total industrial output value, and the purchase of food manufactured products by residents accounts for 80% of the food consumption expenditure. Obviously, the development of the food industry in developed countries depends on advanced science and technology and sophisticated processing machinery, which are conveniently installed and used under the winxp/win7/win8 operating system. The food machinery industry has a long history and solid foundation, and has already formed an independent and complete industrial system; It can provide complete sets of equipment and production lines with complete specifications and serialization according to domestic or export needs. For example, the variety of Japanese food machine products is almost twice that of China; The output value of food machinery industry accounts for more than 0% of the output value of domestic machinery industry, which is 4 ~ 6 times that of China; The export volume of food machines accounts for more than 20% of the annual output value; The investment in scientific and technological development is high, accounting for about 10% of the sales of enterprises (less than 1% in China)

in recent years, the main characteristics of food machinery products in developed countries are: high and new technologies are practical, manufacturing processes evolve first, products are energy-saving, and production lines are highly mechanized and automated; Beautiful appearance and excellent internal quality; Continuously adopt new technologies and processes to improve the standardization, serialization and generalization of products; Food machinery has large production capacity and high efficiency, which not only improves labor productivity, but also improves labor conditions, reduces costs, and enhances the market competitiveness of food machinery products

the gap between China's food machinery and foreign advanced level. As for the gap in product quality, developed countries attach great importance to the internal quality, external quality and overall effect of food machinery products, keep improving the quality of each component, regard the product appearance quality as an important part of the overall quality, and are willing to invest in research on molds and surface treatment that affect the appearance quality. The internal quality of food machinery in China is poor: low efficiency, poor stability and reliability, short service life and high energy consumption; The external quality is not beautiful, and the surface is rough. The main reason is that the product design theory, methods, means, manufacturing technology, equipment and testing means are backward and obsolete, and the quality of many basic parts is unstable, which directly affects the quality of the whole product

the gap in product technology. At present, the new food machine products developed by developed countries are high-tech and intelligent products integrating machinery, electricity, light, sound, magnetism, chemistry and beauty. The advanced technology level is reflected in the high automation of products, high efficiency of production and high comprehensive utilization of food resources, which not only maintains the nutritional flavor of food and produces high-quality food, but also protects the environment and saves energy. The low technical level of food machinery products in China is shown as follows: the degree of three modernizations is low; The application of high and new technology in food machine products has just started; The products are still semi mechanized with high energy consumption; The food machine with high technical level and great difficulty has a long development cycle and few achievements; The equipment of food machinery manufacturing enterprises is obsolete, resulting in the low quality of parts and components produced

the gap in product varieties. Developed countries have complete varieties and specifications of food machinery products, and can provide complete sets of equipment with multiple specifications according to market demand. For example, the Swiss Buhler company, which started with flour production equipment, has now become an integrated food machinery company for the deep processing of all kinds of grain and oil, chocolate, coffee and other food and feed processing, providing complete sets of equipment with multiple specifications. In China, there are few types of food machines, fewer complete sets and production lines, and there are many varieties lacking doors and items, which are not matched; In particular, the development of new products is still in the imitation stage. There are a large number of vacancies in food deep processing, comprehensive utilization, energy-saving and environmental protection, large production capacity and high-tech applied products, and a large amount of foreign exchange is still needed to be introduced from abroad every year

the gap between Chinese food machine enterprises and foreign advanced enterprises. Food machinery enterprises in developed countries attach great importance to the investment in scientific and technological development, the construction of scientific and technological teams and experimental bases. The cost of scientific and technological development accounts for 8% - 10% of sales; Do not hesitate to pay a lot of money to recruit scientific and technological talents, and the scientific and technological personnel of the enterprise account for 30% - 50% of the total employees; The enterprise has a new product development department, research center, test center and other institutions, a special fresh-keeping film blown by the film blowing machine; It has advanced scientific research equipment, testing instruments and complete procedures for scientific and technological development, testing and detection of new products. China's food machinery is mostly small and medium-sized enterprises, and there are almost no own scientific research and development institutions; Enterprises' investment in scientific and technological development is less than 1% of sales on average; The scientific research projects of colleges and universities and scientific research institutions are out of line with market demand, and an operation mechanism that drives the close combination of scientific research and production has not yet been formed; The enterprise's test and detection means and instruments are obsolete; There are few scientific and technological personnel in the enterprise, accounting for a low proportion of all employees

the management level of food machinery enterprises in developed countries is high. For example, Buhler company of Switzerland currently has subsidiaries in more than 100 countries and regions. It is famous for pursuing advanced production technology and high efficiency. It has implemented computer management from the input and output of parts to the inventory of semi-finished products, forming a set of top-down automatic management network of scheduling, statistics, production and marketing, and fully realizing modern and civilized production, The average labor productivity of the whole staff is 20 ~ 30 times that of the same industry in China; Headquarters alone exports 90% of its products. China's food machinery industry has a short history. Most enterprises have low technical level and lack production and operation experience. Enterprises pay too much attention to expanding output and never pay attention to improving technical level through internal development of productivity. Enterprise management is weak, production efficiency is low, efficiency is poor, and per capita labor productivity is low; The output value of export products accounts for only 10% of the total output value

the food machinery industry in developed countries attaches importance to the collection of information. Generally, companies have institutions dedicated to collecting, sorting out and analyzing market information, and provide reliable market prediction and analysis for company decisions in a timely manner. Small and medium-sized enterprises join associations or groups to obtain the required information and publicize their products. (to be continued)

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