The hottest industry is unprecedented and complex,

2022-08-26
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The industrial situation is "unprecedentedly complex" the transformation of equipment manufacturing industry is imminent

Jing Xiaobo, deputy inspector of the operation Bureau of the Ministry of industry and information technology, interpreted the current industrial economic development situation with unprecedented complexity. Then, under the background of the gradual disappearance of China's demographic dividend, the continuous downturn of the international economy, and the third industrial revolution, where will the development of China's equipment manufacturing industry go

around the above topics, the 2013 equipment industry development situation analysis conference and the "2013 equipment industry blue book" press conference hosted by the CAMCE international equipment manufacturing research center was held in Beijing on July 10. The meeting focused on how China's equipment manufacturing industry can gain new life through transformation and upgrading in the economic downturn

Lu Yansun, former Vice Minister of the Ministry of machinery industry, pointed out that at present, China cannot be called a manufacturing power. To realize the transformation from big to strong, we must adhere to the principles of innovation driven, structural optimization, quality first and green development. Strive to achieve a number of advantageous enterprises to take the lead in breaking through and become a powerful country by 2020. By 2030, China's manufacturing industry will be in the forefront of the world as a whole, and some industries will be in the leading position in the world

the situation is grim

at the meeting, Jing Xiaobo used unprecedented complexity to describe the current economic situation. He said that it is difficult to find a satisfactory explanation for this situation with the traditional way of thinking; The difficulties encountered are arduous and the problems encountered are thorny. These difficulties and problems are difficult to be effectively resolved by traditional means

according to the statistics of the National Bureau of statistics, the operation of China's industrial economy was generally stable in this month, but the growth rate of production slowed down and the growth of most industries was weak. Among them, the added value of industries above designated size increased by 9.4% year-on-year, 9.9% in March, 8.9% in March, 9.3% in April and 9.2% in May. The overall situation is in a downward trend

looking forward to the situation faced by the development of the equipment industry in 2013, from an international perspective, the impact of the financial crisis continues, the deep-seated structural problems that led to the financial crisis are still not fundamentally resolved, political and economic frictions continue worldwide, and new challenges are unprecedented severe. Developed countries have proposed Reindustrialization strategies, emerging economies have accelerated the development of industries with comparative advantages, and the competition among countries around the world to seize the commanding height of the international division of labor is becoming more intense. Developed countries have proposed to return to manufacturing and reduce imports from abroad. At the same time, Global trade protectionism is prevalent, and China's export situation is still difficult to fundamentally improve in 2013. Over the years, the growth mode relying on external demand has become increasingly unsustainable

domestically, economic pull factors are not enough to resolve the contradiction of overcapacity; Strengthen the management of instruments and equipment for self inspection projects must also carry out self inspection according to the specified cycle, which is difficult to resolve the contradiction of rising production costs of enterprises; The preferential policies for transformation and upgrading are difficult to resolve the contradiction of insufficient innovation ability; Energy conservation and emission reduction measures are difficult to resolve the contradiction between high prices of energy and resources

moreover, while the economy is going down, we should also be alert to the pressure of business differentiation. In recent years, China's economy has been seriously divided. First, the differentiation between industries and the poor economic benefits of the manufacturing industry have led to enterprises' unwillingness to engage in the real economy; Second, the upstream and downstream of the industry are differentiated, and the production profits of iron ore, copper concentrate and crude oil far exceed those of the downstream. In this regard, Jing Xiaobo predicted that DuPont might appear this year: a new differentiation of the world's first DuPont Tyvek 40L medical packaging material

Jing Xiaobo believes that there are three problems that may be encountered in the operation of the industrial economy this year: first, insufficient demand meets overcapacity. The continuous years of epitaxial high-speed growth has led to the accumulation of overcapacity contradictions. In the context of insufficient demand, the problem is more prominent. At present, many industries have overcapacity, and how to digest it in the next step is probably an unavoidable problem

second, the product cost is confusing. Since the beginning of this year, the change trend of production factor prices of enterprises has been relatively complex. The high prices of energy and raw materials have fallen. It is expected that they may continue to fall, but labor costs continue to rise. In the process of rising and falling, the results of different types of enterprises are different, because the weight is different, and the impact on enterprises is also different, which is one of the reasons for the possible differentiation of enterprise management this year

third, small and medium-sized enterprises are relatively difficult. Compared with large enterprises, small enterprises have unique advantages, but they also have their own disadvantages. Small and medium-sized enterprises are at a disadvantage in the occupation of capital and means of production. In the past, they relied on cheap labor to compete with large enterprises. With the rise of labor costs, the impact on small and medium-sized enterprises and labor-intensive enterprises is increasing. How to solve this problem requires joint efforts

in this regard, Jing Xiaobo suggested that industry enterprises should carefully find their own sensitive factors and actively and effectively respond. We should find a balance between taking and giving up, find advantages in mutual comparison, and find new methods in dealing with difficult work

eight paths

summarize the main problems existing in China's manufacturing industry at present. Lu Yansun pointed out that a series of problems still exist, such as weak independent innovation ability, low production and operation efficiency, unreasonable industrial structure, prominent product quality problems, double constraints by resources and environment, and unsustainable development. China's manufacturing industry is big but not strong, and it is in urgent need of changing from big to strong

in order to realize the transformation from big to strong, we must achieve both scale and efficiency, and quality first. We should realize innovation driven development, structural optimization, the integration of manufacturing and information technology, and the integration of manufacturing and services

At the meeting, Lu Yansun introduced eight ways for China to become a powerful country in equipment manufacturing

first, vigorously promote intelligent manufacturing. He said that the connotation of intelligent manufacturing is product intelligence, manufacturing digitalization and management informatization. It is an important content of the deep integration of informatization and industrialization and the core technology to achieve a powerful manufacturing country

second, improve the ability of innovative design. Design is the source of innovation. We should strengthen the construction of new product research and development capacity of enterprises and vigorously promote it

third, strengthen the foundation of manufacturing. We should strengthen the research and development of common technologies, deepen reform and serve the industry based on the Transformation Research Institute. For example, accelerate the development and industrialization of new materials and key special materials, and realize the manufacturing of key basic parts, the research, development, promotion and application of advanced manufacturing processes, etc

fourth, implement quality improvement projects. For example, the current electrical industry uses spare dry spring relays to replace the broken ones. The top priority of the exhibition is to improve the reliability of products and improve the use value of products in the whole life cycle, so as to cultivate Chinese brands

fifth, promote green manufacturing. In the whole life cycle of product design, manufacturing, packaging, use and scrap, we should vigorously promote ecological design, green process materials, precision forming technology, etc. Provide energy-saving and emission reduction equipment for the process manufacturing industry, and actively promote product remanufacture

Sixth, the development of modern manufacturing services is one of the main directions of manufacturing transformation, such as general contracting, supply chain management optimization, financial leasing, value-added services, etc

Seventh, expand international cooperation and opening up. Integrating global excellent resources and capabilities has become a decisive factor in improving international competitiveness and the only way to a manufacturing power. Enterprises are the main body of powerful manufacturing countries. We should strive to cultivate a number of multinational enterprises with the ability to export products, capital and technology, make full use of domestic and foreign resources, and accelerate the establishment of internationally renowned brands and sales networks

Eighth, strengthen the training of innovative talents. Create a social environment conducive to the growth of innovative scientific and technological talents, and strengthen the training of skilled talents. Colleges and universities, enterprises and research institutes are encouraged to jointly cultivate talents in combination with major national science and technology projects

the relevant person in charge of CAMCE International Equipment Manufacturing Research Center said in an interview with this newspaper that at a time of global economic downturn and deteriorating competitive environment, China's equipment manufacturing industry is facing a life and death test. The outbreak of the new industrial revolution will soon spread throughout China. With the disappearance of the demographic dividend, the way for Chinese enterprises to survive is transformation. Only transformation can save Chinese enterprises from fire and water, and make China's equipment manufacturing industry truly strong. Based on the discussion of how China's equipment manufacturing industry can gain new life through transformation and upgrading in the economic downturn, CAMCE International Equipment Manufacturing Research Center organized and published the 2013 Blue Book of equipment industry

it is understood that the blue book is composed of five parts: comprehensive discussion, special topics, industries, cases and appendices. Among them, the comprehensive article gathers the latest views of a large number of industry experts; The special topic discusses the heavy machinery, machine tool and other industries in the equipment manufacturing industry. Compared with last year, the research on the brand construction of small and medium-sized enterprises in the equipment manufacturing industry has been added; Seven representative industries are selected for research in the industry chapter; In the case section, 7 domestic cases and 8 foreign classic cases are selected for research, trying to interpret the successful new national standard of successful enterprises, and the management mode of raw and auxiliary materials and additives is more clear and explicit; The appendix contains the data of equipment industry and some research rankings of CAMCE

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